Tea Education: Types of Tea

January 31, 2020

Tea Education; Tea is the most consumed beverage in the world. The world consumes about 25,000 cups of tea every second and about 2.16 billion cups every day. There are over 1,000 variants of tea and there are many preferences. The diversity in tea makes it the consumed beverage in the world. Humans have consumed tea for thousands of years and is still consumed because of its many diversities and health benefits.


The consumption and production of tea is mainly popular in China and Japan. Now, it is time I educate us on the types of tea we have. In Nigeria, we mistook tea to be chocolate drinks like Milo, Bournvita, etc and that is why tea education is needed. We also don’t really know the different types of teas are even though we might consume them. There are three major types of tea which have subcategories under them and we will unravel them here;


True teas are the major types of teas that exist because they make them with the tea plant called Camellia sinensis. They either partially oxidated or fully oxidase these teas. There are five major types of true teas. Even though they come from the same plant, we can differentiate them by their oxidation or fermentation process of the leaves.

  • Green Tea: Have a difference from Chinese Green Tea and Japanese Green Tea, they are from the same tea plant but they don’t use the same withering and oxidation process used in black or oolong teas. They come out in green or slightly yellow color.
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Green Tea
  • Black Tea: they are the most consumed of the true teas across the world. The full oxidization process makes them develop stronger flavors and aromas.
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Black Tea
  • White Tea: for white tea, they are not oxidized but simply allowed to dry after harvesting. Therefore, the tea has a much more delicate flavor and appears yellow in color. Types are Silver Needle, White Ceylon, White Peony, etc.
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White Tea
  • Oolong Tea: Dark oolong tea features hints of dark chocolate, burnt sugar while lighter oolong tea features floral and smoother flavors.
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Oolong Tea
  • Pu’er Tea: made majorly in China, this tea is fermented and oxidized and then they have to be dried and rolled. There is the raw pu’er tea which is yellow and the aged pu’er tea which has a dark red color.
Pu’er Tea



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Herbal Teas

We know herbal teas as Tisanes. We do not make them with camellia sinensis plant and are caffeine free. Instead, they comprise using herbal blends using dried spices, flowers, leaves, fruits, and herbs. Herbal teas also come in a wide range of great tastes and flavors which make them a better alternative to sugary beverages. Over the years, we know herbal teas for curing various ailments and boosting the overall immune system of human beings.

Chamomile Tea

There are many of them but herbal teas like Chamomile Tea, which is good for its calming properties, aids sleep, helps menstrual pains, blood sugar, and insulin levels. Another is Peppermint Tea and it is the most commonly used herbal tea in the world. It is good for relieving digestive problems, nausea, stomach pain and cramps. Other types of herbal teas are Ginger Tea, Hibiscus Tea, Echinacea Tea, Sage Tea, Rooibos Tea, etc.

3. Flavored Tea

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Earl Grey Tea

They make flavored teas by combining true teas and herbal teas together. True teas usually have the predominant taste in these teas and they use the herbal teas as a base. Earl Grey Tea, prepared by blending black tea and bergamot oil is popular. Also, Masala Chai, prepared by brewing black tea with a mixture of Indian herbs and spices.

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Masala Chai

These are the types of tea available. These are just the general names available while the wide varieties all fall under them. Finally, it is better to use loose tea than to use tea bags as the health benefits in loose tea are reportedly more than those in tea bags. Teas have many health benefits and you should take advantage of them if you are yet to. I hope this article has helped improve your tea education. Have a great tea day and Happy Tea Drinking Everyone!

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